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2023-05-29 06:30:53| Engadget

NVIDIA CEO Jensen Hiang made a string of announcements during his Computex keynote, including details about the companys next DGX supercomputer. Given where the industry is clearlyheading, it shouldnt come as a surprise that the DGX GH200 is largely about helping companies develop generative AI models.The supercomputer uses a new NVLink Switch System to enable 256 GH200 Grace Hopper superchips to act as a single GPU (each of the chips has an Arm-based Grace CPU and an H100 Tensor Core GPU). This, according to NVIDIA, allows the DGX GH200 to deliver 1 exaflop of performance and to have 144 terabytes of shared memory. The company says that's nearly 500 times as much memory as you'd find in a single DGX A100 system.For comparison, the latest ranking of the Top500 supercomputers lists Frontier at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee as the only known exascale system, having reached a performance of nearly 1.2 exaflops on the Linmark benchmark. That's over twice the peak performance of the second-placed system, Japan's Fugaku.In effect, NVIDIA claims to have developed a supercomputer that can stand alongside the most powerful known system on the planet (Meta is building one that it claims will be the fastest AI supercomputer in the world once its fully built out). NVIDIA says the architecture of the DGX GH200 offers 10 times more bandwidth than the previous generation, "delivering the power of a massive AI supercomputer with the simplicity of programming a single GPU."Some big names are interested in the DGX GH200. Google Cloud, Meta and Microsoft should be among the first companies to gain access to the supercomputer to test how it can handle generative AI workloads. NVIDIA says DGX GH200 supercomputers should be available by the end of 2023.The company is also building its own supercomputer, Helios, that combines four DGX GH200 systems. NVIDIA expects Helios to be online by the end of the year.Huang discussed other generative AI developments during his keynote, including one on the gaming front. NVIDIA Avatar Cloud Engine (ACE) for Games is a service developers will be able to tap into in order to create custom AI models for speech, conversation and animation. NVIDIA says ACE for Games can "give non-playable characters conversational skills so they can respond to questions with lifelike personalities that evolve."This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/nvidias-next-dgx-supercomputer-is-all-about-generative-ai-043053544.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-28 23:43:38| Engadget

Japan and JAXA, the countrys space administration, have spent decades trying to make it possible to beam solar energy from space. In 2015, the nation made a breakthrough when JAXA scientists successfully beamed 1.8 kilowatts of power, enough energy to power an electric kettle, more than 50 meters to a wireless receiver. Now, Japan is poised to bring the technology one step closer to reality.Nikkei reports a Japanese public-private partnership will attempt to beam solar energy from space as early as 2025. The project, led by Naoki Shinohara, a Kyoto University professor who has been working on space-based solar energy since 2009, will attempt to deploy a series of small satellites in orbit. Those will then try to beam the solar energy the arrays collect to ground-based receiving stations hundreds of miles away.Using orbital solar panels and microwaves to send energy to Earth was first proposed in 1968. Since then, a few countries, including China and the US, have spent time and money pursuing the idea. The technology is appealing because orbital solar arrays represent a potentially unlimited renewable energy supply. In space, solar panels can collect energy no matter the time of day, and by using microwaves to beam the power they produce, clouds arent a concern either. However, even if Japan successfully deploys a set of orbital solar arrays, the tech would still be closer to science fiction than fact. Thats because producing an array that can generate 1 gigawatt of power or about the output of one nuclear reactor would cost about $7 billion with currently available technologies.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/japan-will-try-to-beam-solar-power-from-space-by-2025-214338244.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-28 22:11:02| Engadget

Portugal could become the latest country to effectively ban Huawei and other Chinese firms from participating in its 5G buildouts. As reported by Bloomberg, the government of Portugal this week recommended barring local carriers from sourcing 5G equipment from suppliers based outside of the European Union or from countries that arent part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCED).In a statement Portugals Higher Council for Cybersecurity shared on Thursday, the government said firms outside those jurisdictions pose a high risk to the security of the countrys wireless networks. The document didnt call out Huawei specifically, but as China isnt a member of NATO, the OCED or the EU, the company, alongside other Chinese suppliers like ZTE, would effectively be excluded from participating in Portugals 5G networks should the countrys cabinet approve the security councils recommendation.Huawei has no prior knowledge of, and hasnt been consulted about, this matter, a Huawei spokesperson told the Financial Times. Over the past two decades, Huawei has worked with Portuguese carriers to build out wireless networks and provide quality services that connect millions of people. We will continue to comply with all applicable laws and regulations, and serve Portuguese customers and partners who rely on our products and services.Banning Chinese companies from participating in its 5G networks would be an abrupt turnaround for Portugal, which has enjoyed close relations with the East Asian superpower for years. As the Financial Times notes, Portugal has been one of the biggest per capita recipients of Chinese investment in recent years. Altice Portugal, the countrys largest wireless carrier, signed a deal in 2018 to use Huawei equipment for part of its 5G rollout. If Portugal moves forward with a ban, it would join Canada and a handful of other European countries, including Denmark, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, that have recently barred the company from participating in their 5G networks.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/portugal-considers-banning-huawei-from-national-5g-networks-201102160.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-28 19:57:20| Engadget

With the hype around AI reaching a fever pitch in recent months, many people fear programs like ChatGPT will one day put them out of a job. For one New York lawyer, that nightmare could become a reality sooner than expected, but not for the reasons you might think. As reported by The New York Times, attorney Steven Schwartz of the law firm Levidow, Levidow and Oberman recently turned to OpenAIs chatbot for assistance with writing a legal brief, with predictably disastrous results.A lawyer used ChatGPT to do "legal research" and cited a number of nonexistent cases in a filing, and is now in a lot of trouble with the judge pic.twitter.com/AJSE7Ts7W7 Daniel Feldman (@d_feldman) May 27, 2023Schwartzs firm has been suing the Columbian airline Avianca on behalf of Roberto Mata, who claims he was injured on a flight to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. When the airline recently asked a federal judge to dismiss the case, Matas lawyers filed a 10-page brief arguing why the suit should proceed. The document cited more than half a dozen court decisions, including Varghese v. China Southern Airlines, Martinez v. Delta Airlines and Miller v. United Airlines. Unfortunately for everyone involved, no one who read the brief could find any of the court decisions cited by Matas lawyers. Why? Because ChatGPT fabricated all of them. Oops.In an affidavit filed on Thursday, Schwartz said he had used the chatbot to supplement his research for the case. Schwartz wrote he was "unaware of the possibility that [ChatGPTs] content could be false. He even shared screenshots showing that he had asked ChatGPT if the cases it cited were real. The program responded they were, claiming the decisions could be found in reputable legal databases, including Westlaw and LexisNexis. Schwartz said he greatly regrets using ChatGPT and will never do so in the future without absolute verification of its authenticity. Whether he has another chance to write a legal brief is up in the air. The judge overseeing the case has ordered a June 8th hearing to discuss potential sanctions for the unprecedented circumstance created by Schwartzs actions.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/a-lawyer-faces-sanctions-after-he-used-chatgpt-to-write-a-brief-riddled-with-fake-citations-175720636.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-28 17:56:45| Engadget

Metas Quest 3 VR headset wont arrive until later this year. However, now we have a better idea of what to expect from the device courtesy of BloombergsMark Gurman, who says he went hands-on with a prototype to better understand how Quest 3 will stack up against Apples forthcoming mixed-reality headset. Gurman reports the prototype, codenamed Eureka, feels far lighter and thinner than its predecessor. He says the head strap seems a bit stronger, too, and uses fabric on the sides instead of plastic like the Quest 2.More consequentially, the front of the device reportedly features a new design incorporating an enhanced sensor suite. Three vertical pill-shaped sensor areas house two color video pass-through cameras, two standard cameras and a depth sensor. As Gurman notes, thats a significant upgrade from the Quest 2, which doesnt come with color pass-through or a depth sensor. The presence of the former means you wont need to designate the walls in your play space.The front lower sides of the headset feature tracking cameras, while the bottom has a volume rocker and a wheel to adjust interpupillary distance. That means you can tweak the Quest 3s IPD without taking the headset off, something you cant do with the Quest 2.The actual clarity and VR displays within the Quest 3 feel similar to those in the Quest 2 despite the resolution being rumored to be slightly higher, Gurman writes, while noting pass-through for mixed reality applications and overall performance is significantly improved over the Quest 2. Speaking to the former, he says theres a night-and-day improvement thanks to the added dual RGB cameras. I was even able to use my phone while wearing the headset, something that often feels impossible on a Quest 2, he adds. As for performance, Quest 3 reportedly features Qualcomms next-generation Snapdragon XR2 chipset, leading to shorter app launch times and more consistent frame rates in games. Notably, Gurman says the Quest 3 doesnt include face and eye tracking, which means the headset wont support foveated rendering. Thats a feature you can find on the Quest Pro. It allows the system to prioritize its limited computing resources on areas where youre looking. Another feature the Quest 3 wont carry over from the Quest Pro is controller-mounted cameras, though Gurman says Meta is trying to improve peripheral tracking in other ways.Meta hasnt yet settled on pricing for the device, but people involved in its development believe it may come in higher than the Quest 2s $400, Gurman notes, adding the company could keep the Quest 2 around at a lower price. He adds Meta doesnt plan to release a new Quest Pro anytime soon since the first version bombed. The company reportedly plans to announce the Quest 3 sometime in October, which aligns with what company executives have said in the past when asked when consumers can expect a new Quest headset.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/metas-quest-3-headset-could-feature-color-cameras-for-more-lifelike-pass-through-video-155645837.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-28 16:30:30| Engadget

Some of us do our best thinking in the shower, others do it while on the toilet. Renee Descartes, he pondered most deeply while ensconced in a baker's oven. The man simply needed to be convinced of the oven's existence before climbing in. Such are the quirks of the most monumental minds humanity has to offer. In the hilarious and enthralling new book, Edison's Ghosts: The Untold Weirdness of History's Greatest Geniuses, Dr. Katie Spalding explores the illogical, unnerving, and sometimes downright strange behaviors of luminaries like Thomas "Spirit Phone" Edison, Isaac "Sun Blind" Newton, and Nicola "I fell in love with a pigeon" Tesla. Little Brown and CompanyExcerpted from Edison's Ghosts: The Untold Weirdness of History's Greatest Geniuses by Dr. Katie Spalding. Published by Little, Brown and Company. Copyright 2023 by Katie Spalding. All rights reserved.When René Descartes Got BakedRené Descartes, like Pythagoras before him and Einstein after, occupies that special place in our collective consciousness where his work has become well, essentially a short-hand for genius-level intellect. Think about it in any cartoon or sitcom where one character is (or, through logically-spurious means, suddenly becomes) a brainiac, there are three things theyre narratively bound to say: the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides thats Pythagoras; E = mc2 thank you, Einstein; and finally, cogito ergo sum. And that is Descartes.Specifically, its old Descartes Descartes after he had figured his shit out. But while his later writings undeniably played a huge and important role in setting up how we approach the world today hes actually one of the main figures who brought us the concept of the scientific method Descartess early years leaned a little more on the silly and gullible than the master of scepticism hes come to be known as.Descartes was born in 1596, which places him firmly in that period where science and philosophy and magic were all pretty much the same thing. Hes probably best known as a philosopher these days, but thats likely because a lot of his developments in mathematics have become so incredibly fundamental that we kind of forget they had to be invented by anybody at all. And I know Im saying that with ten years of mathematical training behind me and a PhD on the shelf, but even if you havent set foot in a maths class since school, youll be familiar with something that Descartes invented, because he was the guy who came up with graphs. Thats actually why the points in a graph are given by Cartesian coordinates its from the Latin form of his name, Renatus Cartesius.And while maths, despite what everyone keeps telling me, can be sexy, cogito ergo sum really does have a nice ring to it, doesnt it? I think, therefore I am. It doesnt sound like a huge philosophical leap in fact, it kind of sounds like tautological nonsense but its actually one of the most important conclusions ever reached in Western thought.See, before Descartes, philosophy didnt exactly have the sort of wishy-washy, pie-in-the-sky reputation it enjoys today. The dominant school of thought was Scholasticism, which was basically like debate club mixed with year nine science. Sounds fair enough, but in practice and especially when combined with the strong religious atmosphere and general lack of science up till that point it was basically a long period of everybody riffing on Plato and Aristotle and trying to make their Ancient Greek teachings match up with the Bible. This was, needless to say, not always easy, and led to rather a lot of navel gazing over questions like Do demons get jealous? and Do angels take up physical space?Descartess approach was radically different. He didnt see the point in answering questions like how many angels can dance on the head of a pin until hed been properly convinced of the existence of angels. And dancing. And pins.Now, of course, this is the point when non-philosophers throw up their hands in despair and say something along the lines of Of course pins exist, you idiot, I have some upstairs keeping my posters up! Jesus, René, are we really paying a fortune in university fees just so you can sit around and doubt the existence of stationery?But to that, Descartes would reply: are you sure? I mean, weve all had dreams before that are so convincing that we wake up thinking we really did adopt a baby elephant after our teeth all fell out. How do I know Im not dreaming now? How do I know this isnt a The Matrix-type situation, and what you think are pins are just a trick being played on us by Agent Smith?In fact, when you get right down to it, Descartes would say, how can we be sure anything exists? I might not even exist! I might be a brain in a vat, being cleverly stimulated in such a way as to induce a vast hallucination! And yes, sure, I agree that sounds unlikely, but its not impossible the point is, we simply cant know.The only thing I can be sure of, Descartes would continue despite everyone by this point rolling their eyes and muttering things like see what you started, Bill is that I exist. And I can be sure of that, because Im thinking these thoughts about what exists. I may just be a brain in a vat, being fed lies about the reality that surrounds me, but I, me, my sense of self and consciousness that definitely exists. To summarise: I think therefore I am.It was a hell of a breakthrough hed basically Jengad the entire prevailing worldview into obsolescence. And its the kind of idea that could really only have come from someone like Descartes: a weirdo celebrity heretic pseudo-refugee who had a weakness for cross-eyed women, weed and conspiracy theories.Descartes was, as his name suggests, French by birth, hailing from a smll town vaguely west of the centre of the country. If you look it up on a map, youll see its actually called Descartes, but its not some uncanny coincidence the town was renamed in 1967 after its most famous resident.Which is kind of odd, because its not like Descartes spent all that much time there. He went to school in La Flche, more than 100km away, where even at the tender age of ten he was displaying the sort of behaviour that would make him perfectly suited to a life of philosophy, sleeping in until lunch every day and only attending lectures when he felt like it. This cant have made him all that popular with the other kids, who were all expected to get up before 5am, but thats why you choose a school whose rector is a close family friend, I suppose, and, in any case, by the time the young René turned up they were probably all too tired to do much about it.After finishing high school, he spent a couple of years at uni studying law, as per his fathers wishes his dad came from a less well-to-do branch of the Descartes family tree, and probably would have wanted Descartes to keep up appearances for the sake of holding on to posh perks like not paying taxes. It must have pained him, therefore, when after graduating with a Licence in both church and civil law, Descartes immediately gave it all up and went on an extended gap year. As soon as my age permitted me to pass from under the control of my instructors, I entirely abandoned the study of letters, and resolved no longer to seek any other science than the knowledge of myself, or of the great book of the world, he would later write, like some kind of nineteen-year-old Eat Pray Love devotee.I spent the remainder of my youth in travelling, in visiting courts and armies, in holding intercourse with men of different dispositions and ranks, [and] in collecting varied experience, he continued, in his philosophical treatise-slash-autobiography Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting Ones Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences, which for obvious time-saving reasons is usually referred to as Discourse on the Method. Andlike so many philosophy students throughout history, there was one place he found in his travels that caught Descartess heart and imagination more than anywhere else: Amsterdam.Now, it is of course true that places can change a lot over the course of 400 years at this point in history, France was being ruled by a nine-year-old autocrat and his mum, Germany didnt exist, and England was a few years short of becoming a Republic. So you might think, sure, these days Amsterdam has a bit of a reputation, but back in Descartess time, it was probably a hub of quiet intellectualism and sombre, clean living.Nope! Dynasties may rise and fall, empires spread and eventually fracture, but apparently, Amsterdam has always been Amsterdam. Descartes spent his first few years in the city living his absolute best life, studying engineering and maths under the direction of Simon Stevin another guy youve never heard of who made a mathematical breakthrough you almost certainly use every single day of your life, since he invented the decimal point and dressing like an emo and throwing himself into music. He joined the Dutch army for a bit, despite being by all accounts a tiny weedy bobble-headed French guy, and, yes, he almost certainly smoked a bunch of pot along the way.And then, one November night in 1619, while on tour in Bavaria, Descartes had a Revelation. And he had it, according to his near-contemporary biographer Adrien Baillet, inside an oven.He found himself in a place so remote from Communication, and so little frequented by people, whose Conversation might afford him any Diversion, that he even procured himself such a privacy, as the condition of his Ambulatory Life could permit him, Baillet writes.Not having by good luck any anxieties, nor passions, within, that were capable of disturbing him, he staid withal all the Day long in his stove, where he had leisure enough to entertain himself with his thoughts, he continues, as if thats a normal thing to write and not an account of someone being so introverted that they secluded themselves miles away from anyone who knew them and then crawled into an oven for the day.Modern biographers have suggested a few interpretations of what this oven might have been, and Im sorry to report that, of course, its not as ridiculous as it first seems: in the seventeenth century, before wed tamed electricity and gas mains and whatnot, a stove or oven was more like your modern-day airing cupboard than an Aga. Just bigger. And fancier. And all your towels are on fire. Look, the analogy isnt perfect, but the point is that when Descartes said, in Discourse on the Method, that he had spent all day entertaining his thoughts in an oven, he wasnt being completely absurd just, you know, kind of weird.Depending on where you fall on the scale between Descartes was a stoner lol and Descartes was a paragon of virtue, 10/10 no notes awesome dude, what happened next was either the result of too much weed, too much oven, or too much being a fricking genius destined to reform all of Western philosophy. Either way, he had a pretty rough night, full of strange dreams and disturbing hallucinations* that even the loyal Baillet thought might be a sign he was going a little bonkers.He acquaints us, That on the Tenth of November 1619, laying himself down Brim-full of Enthusiasm, and having found that day the Foundations of the wonderful Science, he had Three dreams one presently after another; yet so extraordinary, as to make him fancy that they were sent him from above, writes Baillet, just in case you were wondering where on that scale Descartes would put himself. In fact, so sure was he of the divine nature of his dreams that, Baillet said, a Man would have been apt to have believed that he had been a little Crack-braind, or that he might have drank a Cup too much that Evening before he went to Bed.It was indeed, St. Martins Eve, and People used to make Merry that Night in the place where he was but he assures us, that he had been very Sober all that Day, and that Evening too and that he had not touched a drop of Wine for Three Weeks together.Sure, René. Though honestly, the content of the dreams arent as noteworthy as the conclusions he drew from them unless you think walking through a storm to collect a melon from a guy is super weird, I guess. And goodness knows how he got from cantaloupe to conceptualism, but these three dreams are said to have given him the inspiration first for analytic geometry that is, his maths stuff and then the realisation that he could apply the same kind of logical rigour to philosophy. And I dont want to minimise what Descartes achieved after this melon-based enlightenment it takes guts to stand up in a world governed by strict ritual and belief and announce that not only is everyone around you an idiot, but also they probably dont even exist, so there. But have you ever heard that saying about not being so open-minded that your brain falls out?Well, 1619 was also the year that Descartes, writing under the pseudonym Polybius Cosmopolitanus Polybius being an ancient Greek historian, and Cosmopolitanus being Latin for citizen of the world released the Mathematical Thesaurus of Polybius Cosmopolitanus. It kind of sounds like a Terry Gilliam movie, but it was actually a proposal for a way to reform mathematics as a whole.It doesnt matter that youve never heard of it. Its not as famous as the Discourse; in fact, it may not have ever even been completed. The important bit wasnt what was contained inside the book, but who it was dedicated to: to learned men throughout the world, and especially to the F.R.C. very famous in G[ermany].And who was this mysterious F.R.C? Descartes was specifically referencing the Frres de la Rose Croix. In English, they were known as the Brothers of the Rosy Cross and, today, theyre called the Rosicrucians. So, you may have heard of the Rosicrucians, but its more likely you havent. Today, the term actually refers to two separate organisations, both of which claim to be the real Rosicrucians and both of which denounce the other group as being a bunch of weirdos. Theyre equally wrong on the first point, and equally right on the second: theres no Rosicrucian group around today that is directly linked to the original group that Descartes was a fan of, and every iteration of the organisation is and always has been fucking bananas.But people in search of a new outlook on the universe often dont get to choose which batshit philosophy the world throws at them first, and Descartes had the peculiar fortune of going through his minor mental breakdown in early seventeenth-century Germany.Between 1614 and 1616, three manifestos were published in Germany. They were anonymous, recounting the tale of one Christian Rosenkreuz, a man who was born in 1378, travelled across the world, studied under Sufi mystics in the Middle East, came back to Europe to spread the knowledge he had gained in his travels, was rejected by Western scientists and philosophers, and so founded the Rosicrucian Order, a grand name for what was apparently a group of about eight nerdy virgins. All of this, the manifestos said, he accomplished by the age of about twenty-nine, after which he presumably just sat on his thumbs for a long old while since the next big thing hes said to have done was die aged 106.Now, some people have posited that everything you just read is false a kind of early modern conspiracy theory. And yes, Christian Rose-Cross, as the name translates from German, is rather on the nose for the founder of a Christian sect, and, yes, its a bit farfetched for anybody to have lived for more than a century in the 1400s, and, yes, OK, so the last manifesto was almost certainly actually written by a German theologian named Johann Valentin Andreae, who was attempting to take the piss out of the whole thing and publicly renounced it when he realised people were taking him seriously but thats the thing: people did take it seriously. And one of the people who took it seriously seems to have been Descartes.There is a single active power in things: love, charity, harmony, mused the philosopher most famous for radical doubt of everything that couldnt be proved via logic alone. Not in any published work these were the thoughts of Descartes the early-twenties guy just trying to figure his shit out, found years later in the journal he kept throughout his life.Another: The wind signifies spirit; movement with the passage of time signifies life; light signifies knowledge; heat signifies love; and instantaneous activity signifies creation. Every corporeal form acts through harmony. There are more wet things than dry things, and more cold things than hot, because if this were not so, the active elements would have won the battle too quickly and the world would not have lasted long.If that sounds, you know, completely ridiculous to you, thats probably because we live in a post-Descartes world, and he didnt. All this poor oven-baked idiot had at his disposal were a dream about melons, a steadfast conviction that he had been personally chosen by God to reform the entirety of Western thought up until that point, and some rumours about a weird sect of rosy German virgins who were devoted to doing just that.You may have already guessed the next bit of the story: Descartes joins the Rosicrucians and embarks on some insane rituals and philosophies that weve never heard of today because it doesnt fit in with our modern ideas of genius, right?Its actually way more stupid than that. In a series of events that, once again, really feels like it was ripped straight out of some cult comedy movie, Descartes tried to join the Rosicrucians, but kept running into the problem of them not, in fact, existing. So he couldnt join the group, but what he could and did do was accidentally make everyone think he had joined, thus entirely screwing over his reputation as someone to take seriously.Of course, in the grand scheme of things, this didnt matter much, because to a lot of people he was dangerous enough even without all the conspiracy stuff: his insistence that truth was something for humans, not God, to judge, and the idea that authority should or even could be questioned, made him an enemy of most established Churches, so much so that he eventually published an extremely circular and nonsensical proof of Gods existence to try to placate his attackers.The irony was that Descartes knew God existed otherwise who had told him to transform philosophy and mathematics via the medium of melons? And, ultimately, as hubristic as this claim was, Descartes did make good on it, publishing the end result of that night in the oven in the 1640s with a slew of philosophical and metaphysical treatises, which were hailed in his beloved Netherlands as heretical and contrary to orthodox theology and get out of our goddamn town Descartes.Eventually, Descartes found refuge with Christina, Queen of Sweden, who was a fan of his ideas about science and love. She invited him to her court with the promises of setting up a new scientific academy and tutoring her personally. It seemed too good to be true. It was. In 1649, in the middle of winter, Descartes moved to Queen Christinas cold, draughty Swedish castle and discovered that he couldnt fucking stand his new boss or home. Worst of all for the philosopher who lived his entire life by the principle of never once waking up before noon, Christina declared that she could only be tutored at five in the morning, a demand that Descartes responded to as any night owl would: by saying I would literally rather die and promptly proving his point by literally dying just a few months later. In his final act, the man famous for telling the world I think, therefore I am had posed an equally unknowable philosophical conclusion: he would no longer think, and therefore he no longer existed.Perhaps the final irony in the tale is that, as heretical as cogito ergo sum was considered at the time, with its previously unthinkably radical concept of doubting everything, even that which seems self-evident modern philosophers have actually critiqued Descartes as not going far enough. Thinkers such as Kierkegaard have blasted Descartes for presupposing that I exists at all, and Nietzsche for presupposing that thinking exists.I guess the moral of Descartess story, if there is one, is probably this: you cant please all of the people all of the time especially if theyre philosophers. So, honestly? Why not just smoke a bunch of weed and crawl into an oven?* Some modern scientists have suggested that Descartess night in the oven may in fact be the earliest recorded experience of Exploding Head Syndrome, a sleep disorder you may well have had yourself once or twice. Despite the gnarly name, it doesnt actually involve your head exploding that would certainly have made Descartess future work more impressive but it does cause you to hear loud bangs and crashes that arent really there, and sometimes see flashes of light as well, both of which Descartes recorded experiencing that night.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/hitting-the-books-edisons-ghosts-katie-spalding-little-brown-and-company-143030441.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-28 16:12:23| Engadget

A US federal court this week gave final approval to the $50 million class-action settlement Apple came to last July resolving claims the company knew about and concealed the unreliable nature of keyboards on MacBook, MacBook Air and MacBook Pro computers released between 2015 and 2019. Per Reuters (via 9to5Mac), Judge Edward Davila on Thursday called the settlement involving Apples infamous butterfly keyboards fair, adequate and reasonable. Under the agreement, MacBook users impacted by the saga will receive settlements between $50 and $395. More than 86,000 claims for class member payments were made before the application deadline last March, Judge Davila wrote in his ruling.Apple debuted the butterfly keyboard in 2015 with the 12-inch MacBook. At the time, former design chief Jony Ive boasted that the mechanism would allow the company to build ever-slimmer laptops without compromising on stability or typing feel. As Apple re-engineered more of its computers to incorporate the butterfly keyboard, Mac users found the design was susceptible to dust and other debris. The company introduced multiple revisions to make the mechanism more resilient before eventually returning to a more conventional keyboard design with the 16-inch MacBook Pro in late 2019.Apple wont have to admit wrongdoing as part of the settlement agreement. Before this week, some members of the class action lawsuit attempted to challenge the deal on the grounds that a proposed $125 payout for one group in the class was not enough, an appeal Judge Davila rejected. The possibility that a better settlement may have been reached or that the benefits provided under the settlement will not make class members 'whole' are insufficient grounds to deny approval, Davila wrote in his ruling. The judge also rejected a request for compensation from MacBook owners who experienced keyboard failures but did not get their computers serviced by Apple. Theres no word when claimants can expect their payment to be sent out, but the lawyers involved in the case said they look forward to getting the money out to our clients.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/us-judge-grants-final-approval-to-apples-50-million-butterfly-keyboard-settlement-141223797.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-27 23:16:50| Engadget

Apple plans to shut down its My Photo Stream service on July 26th, 2023, the company announced on Friday. The free service has been available since the release of iCloud in 2011. You can use My Photo Stream to upload the last 30 days of images and videos up to a limit of 1,000 from your Apple devices to iCloud. My Photo Stream predates iCloud Photos and gave Apple users a way to access their images and video clips on more than one device. Notably, content uploaded to iCloud through My Photo Stream do not count against your iCloud storage cap, though theyre not saved at full resolution.In a support document spotted by MacRumors, Apple says My Photo Stream will stop automatically uploading photos to the companys servers on June 26th, 2023. At that point, your photos and videos will remain on iCloud for 30 days until the official shutdown on July 26th. Since every image and video uploaded to iCloud through My Photo Stream is stored in its original format and resolution on at least one of your Apple devices, you wont lose any cherished memories as part of the shutdown process. That said, if you want to have access to a specific image on a particular device, Apple recommends you save it to that devices Photo Library before July 26th.On iPhone and iPad, you can save an image from your My Photo Stream by opening the Photos app, navigating to the My Photo Stream album, selecting the photo you want to save and then tapping the Share button to save it to your Library. Apple ends the support document by noting, iCloud Photos is the best way to keep the photos and videos you take up to date across all your devices and safely stored in iCloud.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/apples-free-my-photo-stream-service-will-shut-down-on-july-26th-211650923.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-27 21:46:01| Engadget

Valve has delisted Dolphin from Steam after receiving a Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) takedown notice from Nintendo. In late March, the developers of Dolphin, an open source emulator that can run most GameCube and Wii titles, said they were planning to bring the free app to Valves storefront later this year. In a May 26th legal notice seen by PC Gamer, Nintendo's legal team asked Valve to remove Dolphin from Steam, claiming the emulator violates the companys intellectual property rights."Because the Dolphin emulator violates Nintendos intellectual property rights, including but not limited to its rights under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)s Anti-Circumvention and AntiTrafficking provisions, 17 U.S.C. § 1201, we provide this notice to you of your obligation to remove the offering of the Dolphin emulator from the Steam store," the document states.With the notice, the Dolphin team has two options on how to move forward. It can either file a counter-claim with Valve, arguing the emulator doesnt violate the DMCA as claimed by Nintendo, or it can choose to comply with the takedown notice. If the team files a counter-notice, Nintendo would have two weeks to decide whether to file a lawsuit. As PC Gamer notes, its unclear if the company actually intends to pursue legal action against Dolphin. However, if a case were to go to court, it could have far-reaching implications for emulators. For the time being, the Dolphin team says its deciding what to do next.It is with much disappointment that we have to announce that the Dolphin on Steam release has been indefinitely postponed, the Dolphin Emulation Project said Friday. We were notified by Valve that Nintendo has issued a cease and desist citing the DMCA against Dolphin's Steam page, and have removed Dolphin from Steam until the matter is settled. We are currently investigating our options and will have a more in-depth response in the near future. As of the writing of this story, you can still download the Dolphin emulator from the projects website and GitHub page. The Dolphin team did not receive a direct takedown notice from Nintendo.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/dolphin-emulator-steam-release-delayed-indefinitely-following-nintendo-dmca-notice-194601894.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

2023-05-27 20:37:26| Engadget

Twitter has withdrawn from a voluntary European Union agreement to combat online disinformation. In a tweet spotted by TechCrunch, Thierry Breton, the blocs internal market commissioner, said Twitter had pulled out of the EUs Code of Practice against disinformation. You can run but you cant hide. Our teams are ready for enforcement, Breton said, referring to the EUs Digital Services Act. As of August 25th, the DSA will require very large online platforms like Twitter to be more proactive with content moderation.Twitter leaves EU voluntary Code of Practice against disinformation.But obligations remain. You can run but you cant hide. Beyond voluntary commitments, fighting disinformation will be legal obligation under #DSA as of August 25.Our teams will be ready for enforcement. Thierry Breton (@ThierryBreton) May 26, 2023Twitter does not operate a communications department Engadget could contact for comment. Before Elon Musk's takeover last October, Twitter signed onto the EUs Code of Practice against disinformation in 2018, alongside companies like Facebook parent Meta, Google and TikTok. While the Code is voluntary, the EU announced in June 2022 that sticking to the agreement would count towards DSA compliance. As TechCrunch notes, Twitters decision to withdraw from the deal just three months before the EU starts enforcing the DSA would appear to suggest the company plans to skirt the blocs rules on content moderation.However, ignoring the DSA could turn into an expensive fight for Twitter and Elon Musk. The legislation allows EU officials to hand out penalties of up to 10 percent of global annual turnover for infractions, with the potential for fines of up to 20 percent of worldwide turnover for repeat instances of non-compliance. The European Commission has also said that repeat non-compliance could lead to the EU blocking access to offending services.This article originally appeared on Engadget at https://www.engadget.com/twitter-pulls-out-of-eus-voluntary-code-of-practice-against-disinformation-183726045.html?src=rss

Category: Marketing and Advertising

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